Participatory methods

Participatory methods

 

  • Participatory methods 1
  • Participatory methods 2
Within Tanzania, a number of organizations have developed expertise in participatory methods at the national, regional and district levels; however, participatory expertise with a focus on health has been limited.

The Government of Tanzania is in the process of rolling-out a participatory methodology for use by local government authorities to enhance community participation in development planning and budgeting. Opportunities and Obstacles to Development (O&OD) is a technique designed to harmonize the various participatory approaches and to facilitate a bottom-up approach to planning. It is intended that councils use this technique to prepare village plans in a consultative manner. This on-going roll-out offers the HPSS project the opportunity to align with and enhance the establishment of a national participatory methodology.

In 2011, HPSS collaborated with regional, district and national stakeholders to conduct a consultative workshop on participatory approaches for health promotion. Based on this workshop, HPSS developed participatory methods that merged Participatory Reflection and Action (PRA) and Participatory Action Plans for health promotion. The methods were piloted in 47 villages over the course of the year, and the results were used to further improve the approach to developing Community Health Plans in 2012 which enabled communities in 200 villages to develop health promotion plans of actions which are currently being implemented. The results demonstrated that these new participatory methods are faster, more cost-effective, and more action oriented compared to traditional PRA approaches.